Earth, Wind & Fire

Genre: Soul, Disco, Funk, Jazz

Member(s): Sherry Scott (Singer), Yackov Ben Israel (Percussion), Maurice White (Drums), Wade Flemons (Singer, Writer, Sinths), Don Whitehead (Singer, Writer), Al McKay (Guitar), Verdine White (Bassist), Michael Beale (Guitar), Chester Washington (Reed Player), Lesl

Label(s): Columbia, Stax, Warner Music

Country: US

Info:
Earth, Wind & Fire is also known as 'The Mighty Elements of the Universe'. This band was very popular in the 70's.

Early days and forming the band name
The band 'Earth, Wind & Fire' was founded in Chicago in 1969 by Maurice White, former session drummer at the Chess-label, the Singer-Song writer duo Wade Flemons and Don Whitehead and guitarist Al McKay.
Before the original name of the group they used the name 'Salty Peppers', they released 2 songs: 'La La Time' and 'Uh Huh Yeah'
White and Flemons moved to Los Angeles together with Sherry Scott (Singer) and Yackov Ben Israel (Percussion). The youngest brother of Maurice, Verdine White joined the group by leaving Chicago in June the 6th of 1970. He was the bassist. In order to strengthen the band, the guitarist Michael Beale, reed player Chester Washington, trumpeter and arranger Leslie Drayton and trombonist Alex Thomas joined the group.
Maurice White found that Salty Peppers didn't sound universal for the plans he had with the band and chose 'Earth, Wind & Fire' instead, like the elements earth, air and fire from his horoscope. Than 'Air' has been replaced by the better-sounding word 'Wind'.
In February 1971 their first 2 albums 'Earth, Wind & Fire' and 'The Need of Love' where released. Some artistic differences let the band end.
But in 1972, Maurice and Verdine White founded a new 'Earth, Wind & Fire' band that want to appeal to a younger and wider audience. He recruited new young talent: Larry Dunn (Sunths), Jessica Cleaves (Singer), Roland Bautista (Guitar), Ronnie Laws (Sax and Flute), Ralph Johnson (Singer, Percussion) and Philip Bailey (Singer, Percussion ). Warner Music however did not know what to start with the new 'Earth, Wind & Fire' because Warner Music already had a funk-band called 'Charles Wright & The Watts 103rd Street Rhyhtm Band'. In contrast with Clive Davis from Columbia Records how was impressed when he saw the band in New York acting as support of John Sebastian, so he took over the Warner contract.

Golden years and Egyptian symbols
The years 1973 until 1975 where golden years for the band, this because of the album 'Head to the Sky', the last album produced by Joe Wissert. The members Ronnie Laws and Roland Bautista where replaced by Andrew Woolfolk (Saxophone) and Al McKay (Guitar) and Johnny Graham (Guitar).
When the film 'That's the Way of the World' came out wherefore the band wrote the songs 'Shining Star' and the same named song 'That's the Way of the World' came a new success story. From then on they dominated the Billboard single and album charts for more than a decade. That's the Way of the World, also marked the beginning of the use of Egyptian symbols and pyramids on record covers, clothes and stage decoration. During tours include one could contemplate the following: Verdine White, who was placed in a horizontal position during his bass solo by means of trickery and mid air continued to play, the finale in which the band members disappeared in a pyramid then set collapsed. These tours were directed by Doug Henning and his assistant David Copperfield. George Faison was responsible for the choreography.
In 1976 until 1979, Maurice White introduced his own production company 'Kalimba Productions'. Under this flag, Whiter wrote and produced for Deniece Williams (former background singer Stevie Wonder) and The Emotions, a trio that was contracted between 1969 and 1974 by Stax. On their debut albums with Columbia (respectively 'This Is Niecy' and 'Flowers') several 'Earth, Wind & Fire' members contributed to the music of this new band. Meanwhile, Earth Wind & Fire was working on a new album until Charles Stepneu died on May 17the of 1976, at the age of 43 from a heart attack. Maurice White took over the production and it appeared Spirit was dedicated to Stepney in October. The row of hits continued with the songs 'Getaway' and 'Saturday Nite'.
Earth Wind & Fired toured trough South-America that inspired the songs 'All 'n All', 'Serpentine Fire', 'Jupiter' and 'Fantasy'. It resulted in a triple platinum and two Grammy Awards in America.
Meanwhile Maurice White and his management establish a new label called ARC, distributed by CBS and opened two recording studios in Los Angeles.
Biggest hit
On July 16th, 1979 appeared 'I Am' to be considered along with 'All 'n All' as the best Earth, Wind & Fire songs. But their utmost hit was 'Boogie Wonderland' produced by Maurice White and Al McKay where 'Emotions' sang along. This song was embraced by the disco generation. Even though ' Earth, Wind & Fire' where no disco band.

Collection Album
Later released songs could never equal the earlier success but the band continued to perform songs until some band members felt more for a solo career in 1984. In 1986 the group was brought back together, the album collector 'The Collection' was released. In early 1990 they switched back from the CBS label to the Warner Music label. In 1995 Maurice White left the band. later in 1996 it became clear why, he was suffering from Parkinson's disease. However, he remained active as a text writer and producer.

September remix
In 1999 a British duo 'Phats & Small together with Mutant Disco' made a remix of the song 'September', it became a success in the clubs and the radio.
The following years the band was still touring around the world.

40th anniversary
40 years of Earth, Wind & Fire. In 2011 the band celebrated their 40th anniversary with a special concert on 'The Monster Cable Retailer Awards Show', with guests like Sheila E and Stevie Wonder.
In 2014 the band produced their first Christmas album.

Albums

Earth, Wind & Fire - All ''N All

Earth, Wind & Fire - Earth, Wind & Fire

Earth, Wind & Fire - Electric Universe (Expanded Edition)

Earth, Wind & Fire - Faces

Earth, Wind & Fire - Gratitude

Earth, Wind & Fire - Greatest Hits

Earth, Wind & Fire - Head To The Sky

Earth, Wind & Fire - Heritage

Earth, Wind & Fire - Holiday

Earth, Wind & Fire - I Am

Earth, Wind & Fire - Illumination

Earth, Wind & Fire - Last Days and Time

Earth, Wind & Fire - Live and Plugged In

Earth, Wind & Fire - Millennium

Earth, Wind & Fire - Now, Then & Forever (Expanded Edition)

Earth, Wind & Fire - Now, Then & Forever

Earth, Wind & Fire - Open Our Eyes

Earth, Wind & Fire - Powerlight

Earth, Wind & Fire - Raise!

Earth, Wind & Fire - September (The Eric Kupper Remixes)

Earth, Wind & Fire - September

Earth, Wind & Fire - Spirit

Earth, Wind & Fire - That's the Way of the World

Earth, Wind & Fire - That''s The Way Of The World

Earth, Wind & Fire - That''s The Way Of The World: Alive In ''75

Earth, Wind & Fire - The Best Of Earth, Wind & Fire Vol. 1

Earth, Wind & Fire - The Best of Earth, Wind & Fire

Earth, Wind & Fire - The Classic Christmas Album

Earth, Wind & Fire - The Essential Earth, Wind & Fire

Earth, Wind & Fire - The Need Of Love

Earth, Wind & Fire - The Ultimate Collection

Earth, Wind & Fire - Touch The World

Songs

Earth, Wind & Fire - A Talking Voice Interlude

Earth, Wind & Fire - Africano

Earth, Wind & Fire - Africano/Power

Earth, Wind & Fire - After the Love Has Gone

Earth, Wind & Fire - After the Love Is Gone

Earth, Wind & Fire - All About Love (First Impression)

Earth, Wind & Fire - All About Love

Earth, Wind & Fire - All in the Way

Earth, Wind & Fire - All in the Way

Earth, Wind & Fire - All 'n All

Earth, Wind & Fire - And Love Goes On

Earth, Wind & Fire - Bad Tune

Earth, Wind & Fire - Be Ever Wonderful

Earth, Wind & Fire - Beauty

Earth, Wind & Fire - Beijo (Interlude)

Earth, Wind & Fire - Betcha'

Earth, Wind & Fire - Biyo

Earth, Wind & Fire - Boogie Wonderland (with The Emotions) - 12' Version

Earth, Wind & Fire - Boogie Wonderland

Earth, Wind & Fire - Brazilian Rhyme (aka Ponta de Areia)

Earth, Wind & Fire - Brazilian Rhyme (Interlude)

Earth, Wind & Fire - Build Your Nest

Earth, Wind & Fire - Burnin' Bush

Earth, Wind & Fire - Can't Hide Love

Earth, Wind & Fire - Can't Let Go

Earth, Wind & Fire - Celebrate

Earth, Wind & Fire - Dance Dance Dance

Earth, Wind & Fire - Devotion

Earth, Wind & Fire - Dirty

Earth, Wind & Fire - Drum Song

Earth, Wind & Fire - Earth, Wind & Fire

Earth, Wind & Fire - Earth_ Wind & Fire

Earth, Wind & Fire - Every Now and Then

Earth, Wind & Fire - Evil

Earth, Wind & Fire - Evolution Orange

Earth, Wind & Fire - Fall in Love with Me

Earth, Wind & Fire - Fantasy - Single Version

Earth, Wind & Fire - Fantasy

Earth, Wind & Fire - Feelin' Blue

Earth, Wind & Fire - Getaway

Earth, Wind & Fire - Got to Get You into My Life

Earth, Wind & Fire - Gratitude

Earth, Wind & Fire - Happy Feelin'

Earth, Wind & Fire - Happy Feeling

Earth, Wind & Fire - Head To The Sky/Devotion

Earth, Wind & Fire - Hearts to Heart

Earth, Wind & Fire - Hey Girl (Interlude)

Earth, Wind & Fire - Hey Girl

Earth, Wind & Fire - I Am

Earth, Wind & Fire - I Can Feel It in My Bones

Earth, Wind & Fire - I Think About Lovin' You

Earth, Wind & Fire - I'll Write a Song for You

Earth, Wind & Fire - Imagination

Earth, Wind & Fire - In the Marketplace

Earth, Wind & Fire - In the Stone

Earth, Wind & Fire - Interlude # 2

Earth, Wind & Fire - Interlude

Earth, Wind & Fire - I've Had Enough

Earth, Wind & Fire - Jupiter

Earth, Wind & Fire - Kalimba Story

Earth, Wind & Fire - Keep Your Head to the Sky

Earth, Wind & Fire - Lady Sun

Earth, Wind & Fire - Let Me Talk

Earth, Wind & Fire - Let Your Feelings Show

Earth, Wind & Fire - Let's Groove

Earth, Wind & Fire - Little Girl

Earth, Wind & Fire - Love Is Life

Earth, Wind & Fire - Love Music - From 'The Best of Earth, Wind & Fire, Vol. 1'

Earth, Wind & Fire - Love Music

Earth, Wind & Fire - Love's Dance

Earth, Wind & Fire - Love's Holiday

Earth, Wind & Fire - Magic Mind

Earth, Wind & Fire - Magic Wind

Earth, Wind & Fire - MegaMix 2000

Earth, Wind & Fire - Mighty Mighty

Earth, Wind & Fire - Mom

Earth, Wind & Fire - Moment of Truth

Earth, Wind & Fire - My Love

Earth, Wind & Fire - Never

Earth, Wind & Fire - New World Symphony

Earth, Wind & Fire - Night Dreamin'

Earth, Wind & Fire - On Your Face

Earth, Wind & Fire - Open Our Eyes

Earth, Wind & Fire - Ponta De Areia (Brazilian Rhyme_ Interlude)

Earth, Wind & Fire - Power

Earth, Wind & Fire - Prelude

Earth, Wind & Fire - Pure Gold

Earth, Wind & Fire - Reasons

Earth, Wind & Fire - Rock That!

Earth, Wind & Fire - Runnin'

Earth, Wind & Fire - Saturday Nite

Earth, Wind & Fire - Saturday

Earth, Wind & Fire - See the Light

Earth, Wind & Fire - September '99

Earth, Wind & Fire - September

Earth, Wind & Fire - Serpentine Fire

Earth, Wind & Fire - Shining Star

Earth, Wind & Fire - Side by Side

Earth, Wind & Fire - Sing a Message to You

Earth, Wind & Fire - Sing a Song

Earth, Wind & Fire - Singasong

Earth, Wind & Fire - Spirit

Earth, Wind & Fire - Spread Your Love

Earth, Wind & Fire - Star

Earth, Wind & Fire - Step's Tune

Earth, Wind & Fire - Sun Goddess (featuring special guest soloist Ramsey Lewis)

Earth, Wind & Fire - Sun Goddess

Earth, Wind & Fire - Sunshine

Earth, Wind & Fire - System of Survival

Earth, Wind & Fire - Tee Nine Chee Bit

Earth, Wind & Fire - That's the Way of the World - From 'The Best of Earth, Wind & Fire, Vol. 1'

Earth, Wind & Fire - That's the Way of the World

Earth, Wind & Fire - The Changing Times

Earth, Wind & Fire - The Promise - Original

Earth, Wind & Fire - The World's a Masquerade

Earth, Wind & Fire - Turn It into Something Good

Earth, Wind & Fire - Wait

Earth, Wind & Fire - Wanna Be with You

Earth, Wind & Fire - We're Living in Our Own Time

Earth, Wind & Fire - Where Have All the Flowers Gone

Earth, Wind & Fire - Would You Mind

Earth, Wind & Fire - Writing on the Wall

Earth, Wind & Fire - Yearnin' Learnin'

Earth, Wind & Fire - You and I

Earth, Wind & Fire - You Are a Winner

Earth, Wind & Fire - You Want My Love

Earth, Wind & Fire - You

Earth, Wind & Fire - Zanzibar